May 29, 2013
Perennials for your garden

The following is a comprehensive list of the most popular perennials. This list is arranged in alphabetical order, according to genus.

Plants flower at different times and for different lengths of time. The ultimate goal it to include plant material of varying heights and varieties to ensure something is in bloom in your garden at all times.

The handy chart below will give you an idea of blooming times, growth height, sun and soil requirements, and what type/theme garden the plant works best in.

Hemerocallis (day lily) provides continuous blooms and grows to medium height.

Plant nameBloom colourBloom periodPlant height L-low M-medium T-tallExposureUsed forComments
Achillea (yarrow)Yellow-goldMid/late summerL,M,TSunRock gardens, borders, cut flowersWell drained soil, may require staking
Alyssum (basket of cold)YellowEarly summerLSun, partial sunRock gardens, beds, bordersWell drained soil, divide in spring
Aquilegia (columbine)Blue, maroon, purple, yellowLate spring/mid summerMPartial sun, shadeRock gardens, borders, cut flowersWell drained soil, divide late summer
Armeria (thrift)Purple, roseLate spring/mid summerLSunRock gardens, beds, edging, bordersDry, infertile soil, divide every 4 years
Artemisia (silvermound)Silver foliage LSunRock gardens, edgingWill adapt to poor soil conditions
AsterRose, violet, pinkLate summerMSunBorders, edging, cut flowersWater generously in well drained soil
AstilbePink, red, whiteSummerMPartial sunBorders, bedsMoist, fertile organic soil
Convallaria (lily of the valley)WhiteSpringLPartial sun, shadeGround cover, borders, cut flowersBerries are poisonous
Chrysanthemum maximum (shasta daisy)WhiteSummerMSun, partial sunBorders, cut flowersFertile soil, divide every other spring
Chrysanthemum (Hardy Mums)Red, yellow, bronzeFallM,LSun, partial sunFoundations, bordersWell drained moist soil, may transplant in fall
DelphiniumPink, ehite, blueSummerTSunBackgrounds, beds, bordersMay require staking, cut back flowers after flowering
Dianthus (carnation)Pink, red, rose, white, yellowLate spring/summerM,LSunRock gardens, borders, beds, cut flowersWell drained alkaline soil
Dicentra (bleeding heart)Pink to fuchsiaLate spring/late summerMSun, partial sunBackgrounds, beds, bordersFertile soil, divide in spring or fall
Gaillardia (blanket flower)Red, orange, yellowSummerMSunCut flowers, bordersLight, well drained soil, divide in spring
Gypsophila (baby's breath)WhiteMid summerL/M/TPartial sunBorders, edgingWell drained, low nutrient, high pH soil
Hemerocallis (day lily)Yellow, cream, bronze, pinkLate springMSun, partial sunBackgrounds, borders, cut flowersWell drained organic soil, divide every 4 to 6 years
HollyhockPink, white, redLate SummerTSunBackgroundsWell drained soil, may require staking
Hosta (plantain lily)Lavender, whiteSummerMSun, partial sunBeds, borders, groundcoversOrganic soil
IrisAssortedSpring/mid dummerL/TSunBeds, foundations, bordersDivide rhizomes after flowering
Lillium (lily)AssortedSummerTSun, partial sunBackgroundsFertile soil
Lupinus (lupin)Blue, red, white, pink, yellowSummerMPartial sunBackgrounds, bordersCool, moist areas, acidic soil
Paeonia (peony)Yellow, red, purple, pink, whiteSpringM/TSunBorders, cut flowersShade inhibits flowering, establishment time: 3 years
Papaver (Oriental poppy)Scarlet, salmonEarly springMSunBackgrounds, borders, bedsWell drained soil, difficult to transplant
Phlox paniculata (garden phlox)AssortedSummerL/MSun, partial sunBackgrounds, beds, bordersRequire fertilizing with Superphosphate or Bonemeal, divide in fall
Platycodon (balloon flower)BlueSummerM/TSun, partial sunRock gardens, bordersWill not tolerate wet soil, does not transplant well requires staking
Primula (primose)AssortedSpringL/MPartial sunBorders, bedsCool, moist organic soil
Rudbeckia (cone flower) (black-eyed Susan)Yellow, goldSummerMSun, partial sunBorders, beds, cut flowersEasy to grow